Tay – Giáy – Lo Lo Ethnic Group
- Tayethnic group
The Tay are the largest single ethnic minority in Vietnam numbering well over 1,200,000. However they are often difficult to spot because they dress very similarly to modern Viet Kinh. However a number wear costumes similar to the lady above with the black trousers and shirt but with the shirt buttoned under the right armpit with rings of distinctive blue material here and at the lower sleeves.
2. Giayethnic group
The Giay (pronounced Zay) are quite widely spread and can be seen not only around Sapa but also in Lai Chau near Tam Duong and in the Dong Van and Yen Minh districts of Ha Giang Province. There are currently 40,000 Giay in Vietnam making them the 25th largest ethnic minority grouping. The traditional woman’s costume in Lao Cai and Lai Chau Provinces consists of black trousers and a coloured shirt (light or dark pink, light or dark blue, green or white) decorated with a wide band of different coloured material which stretches around the collar and down to a clasp under the right armpit. The ensemble is generally worn with the ubiquitous pattered headscarf seen everywhere. This girl is from a village near Tam Duong.
The Lo Lo resides mainly in the districts of Dong Van, Meo Vac (Ha Giang), Bao Lac (Cao Bang), Muong Khuong (Lao Cai). The Lo Lo mainly does wet farming and sedentary cultivation; family raising relatively develops and creates a source of considerable benefit.
The village locates in the mountain’s slopes and near the water source, each village has around 20-30 roofs, with three types of house: land house, half of land and silt house, the silt house. For women, some groups wear shirts with round neck and a rip on chest, some groups wear pullovers with square neck, pants with long leg and wide swift, in some other groups, they wrap short skirts, legs are wrapped by a kind of shoes named “xa cap”. Costume are decorated with patterns and gathered with color fabrics, they use patterns printed by wax. The Lo Lo’s marriage rituals tend to the economic calculations with high requirements of wedding gifts. After marriage, the bride resides in husband’s family; her son can get married to his daughter of her brother no vice verse. For funeral, there are many unique rituals such as makeup, dancing, fighting … The Lo Lo owns their hieroglyphics quite early, but now this is no longer used. About art, this is one of the few groups in our country today who still use copper drum in life. The drum is used during the funeral and to keep the rhythm for the folk dance. Only men who are not married or got married but his wife is not in her pregnancy are allowed to use drum. In normal days, they bury drum on underground on clean and discreet spaces.