Unique architecture of the Hmong’s King
The Hmong’s King place, also known as the King’s House, is located in a valley in Xa Phin commune, Dong Van district, Ha Giang province. The entire mansion of Vuong has an area of nearly 3,000 m2, started in 1919 and completed 9 years later. The construction process cost about 150,000 silver coins of Indochina, equivalent to VND150 billion today.
Cultivation, processing and trading of opium. Thanks to successful transnational drug trafficking to China and Myanmar, the Wang became increasingly wealthy. To assert his authority on the plateau, the Hmong’s King invited good geographers to go everywhere in Dong Van land to choose the place of capital. Finally, he decided to stop at Sa Phin village, located in the heart of the Sa Phin valley. Here there is a mass of land rising high as the turtle shape, representing the Kim Quy God. If the construction of the palace was here, the career of Wang would be successful later. As a result, the magnificent stone mansion in the middle of the Sa Phin valley was built there.
The Wang’s Palace is made of materials such as sawn stone and some types of hard wood that taken in the area and brought back from China. The work was designed and executed by Tong Bach Giao, general commander, under the command of Long Yun commander in Yunnan. Tong Bach With his strength and power, he celebrated the king and organized the activities of Giao has recruited more than 300 well-known Islamic workers in Yunnan (China), famous for building the palace, along with hundreds of clever Cat people in the area to build the Kingdom.
From the outside, the gate is located on the main shaft of the building, built solidly, arched by stone, covered with roofs and doors are made of pine. Road to the house must go through the square large stone, there are 15 stone steps that sophisticated carvings.
The house is surrounded by two walls of stone about 265m long, about 2m high and about 0.6m to 0.8m thick. The slabs are tightly bonded to each other by the cement they have good bulletproof properties. About five to six meters from the wall, Wang made a hole to observe, and these are also guns to protect the building.
The palace was designed in the style of the Qing Dynasty, but there are many patterns of the H’Mong. The building has 4 houses and 6 horizontal houses, they are all two floors with the wooden floor with an area of over 1,000 m2, including 64 rooms. The building is about 46 meters long and 22 meters wide, divided into three distinct ranges, including Front Mansion, Middle Mansion and Later Mansion.
In general, the rooms and levels of the house are designed to the maximum efficiency of the function, both suitable for use and utility for living. Besides the rooms, the palace also has rooms for food storage, gun storage, and opium storage. In the middle of the first house and the second house there is a wooden floor where Wang’s trial is.
In addition, there is also a large rock tank with a volume of about 300 cubic meters containing rainwater from the roofs. The roofs are made of terracotta that can withstand hail, which is bought and transported from Yunnan (China).
Particularly, in the yard also has a semicircular bathtub, was chiseled meticulously from a monolithic stone with length about 1m, width of about 0.5m, wall thickness of 5cm. This sink is used to store boiled goat’s milk for bathing. Legend of this goat’s milk bath is one of the secret to keep the youth of the Queen in the palace.
Three rows of houses in the palace were designed to rise gradually from the outside. The connecting blocks are small yards paved with green stone slabs. The foundation of the houses is made of stone; the walls of the houses are made of soil by the wall of the H’Mong except the wall of the Later Mansion.
In addition to some of the daily items, there is a big picture hanging outside the main room of the building. This is a picture in the Chinese characters of the four characters “Bien chinh kha phong” of King Khai Dinh for Wang in 1913.
For nearly 100 years, the building has been restored once in 2004, but basically retains its pristine appearance. The mansion was also listed as an architectural monument in 1993 by the Government. It is an indispensable destination for anyone traveling to the Dong Van Plateau.