Ha Giang is the first territory of the country with many beautiful landscapes has attracted many travelers arriving here. We continue to introduce to you attractive tourist destinations such as Quan Ba Gate of Heaven, , Dong Van Market, Dong Van Plateau, Lung Tam linen weaving village.
1.Quan Ba Gate of Heaven
Quan Ba Gate is at 1500m above sea level, this is the first gateway to Dong Van Plateau. In 1939, a 150cm thick wooden door was built at the Gate of Heaven. At one time, another “world” behind this wooden door was known as the “Autonomous Region of the H’Mong people”, including Quan Ba, Meo Vac, Dong Van and Yen Minh districts. Standing at the Quan Ba gate, you can observe the fields of Quan Ba, Quyet Tien, Thai An, Dong Ha, Can Ty and Bat Dai Son. They are famous tourist destinations in the Ha Giang tour.
2.The Palace of the Wang
The Wang’s Palace is located in Xa Phin Commune, Dong Van District, Ha Giang Province and far from Dong Van District about 24 km. This is a unique and beautiful architecture of this plateau. The entrance to the palace is just sloping, paved with large square stone. The palace is surrounded by two walls built of stone, about 60cm to nearly 1m, 2.5 to 3m high.
The inner ring is thicker and firmer than the outer ring. Both rounds are arranged in many holes tomorrow. The land between the two walls is about 50m wide, planted. The palace has 10 houses, 6 houses in the same direction, the other four are in the other direction. The main house facing the gate. The houses are made of precious wood from columns, trusses, floors, walls. Roofs made of tiled roofs.
There is a big picture hanging outside the main room of the building. This is a picture in the Chinese characters of the four characters “Bien chinh kha phong” of King Khai Dinh for Wang in 1913. The construction has been classified and protected since 1993.
3.Dong Van Market
Dong Van Market is located in the ancient town of Dong Van. This is the largest economic and cultural exchange center in the Dong Van – Meo Vac rocky plateau. Dong Van Market has long become a place of convergence of cultural identity of the people here, this is an indispensable destination in the Ha Giang tour of 4 days 3 nights. Weekly, market opens on Sunday. On the market day, the quiet old town became crowded with colorful festivities of Dao, Mong, Tay, Nung, Giay, Lo Lo costumes. They brought with them vegetables, wood, pigs, dogs… Someone had to go from 3 am and cross the mountains to go to markets.
Unique features in Dong Van market are handmade agricultural products. Unlike the other market, in addition to the purpose of trading, Dong Van market is also a meeting place for people.
Mothers and wives go shopping, the husbands go to the market to drink alcohol, eat “Thang Co. Children go to markets to play; Young men and women come to the market to find partners.
Particularly on the 14th, 15th, 16th lunar month, at the market and the old town there is the cultural activities of people here. That is the cultural characteristics of the market in this northern highlands.
4. Dong Van Plateau
Dong Van plateau in Dong Van district, Ha Giang province is far 146km from Ha Giang town. The district has 19 communes, 9 of them shares border line with China. Winter temperatures are down to 1ºC, but the hottest summer is only around 24ºC. The people here are saying: “seeing each other in sight, meeting each other for half a day” and “the land is not three steps, it is not sunny three days”.
Dong Van has the northernmost point of Vietnam in Lung Cu. It is said that if you have not yet reached Lung Cu, it is not to Dong Van, because Lung Cu is “the roof of Vietnam”. Dong Van is famous for delicious fruit: peach, plum, pear, apple…It is also famous for its scenery such as mountains, the forest of colorful flowers… It is the place where artists create inspiration for the unique painting and photography in the world of nature.
Coming to Dong Van is an opportunity to test your courage by climbing the abyss. But in return, you are immersed in nature, living with the poor but still full of joy and happiness in life. You will also be released in the sound of the flute.
5.Lung Tam linen weaving village
Joining the Ha Giang tour to have a chance to visit Lung Tam linen weaving village, a place is located between the peaks. This is the residence of the H’Mong ethnic group famous for linen weaving, indigo dyed and painted beeswax, this is also where: “Only in linen, I do not lose my ancestors …” Traditionally, each adult H’mong woman has her own pieces to grow flax. Flax fields have been harvested for just over two months. H’Mong people cut them and dried them for processing into fibers. When separating the linen shells, the woman’s hand must be very clever for linen with equal thickness and not broken halfway. These bundles of fiber have only remaining fiber after being grined, and then rolled into large fibers. After several times boiling with ash water and once boiled with beeswax, the linen was white and softer and that was when the H’Mong women started to sit in their looms.
H’Mong people usually weave with looms. The cloth was washed several times for the white after woven. Then the cloth is spread over a round log, and they use a slab of beeswax to slide it until the fabric is flat. Making good linen is the pride of every H’Mong woman, so they are always careful in every step. Therefore, they have formed very strict conventions such as abstinence from men approaching when women strap the yarn into the frame, because the yarn is broken and misplaced. The fabric is rough, it needs to be washed several times, soaked ash and dried so as to bring the garment. A good fabric is smooth, white and small yarns… You always feel soft and cool when wearing.
H’Mong people in Lung Tam are not only good at weaving fabrics but also have indigo dyeing techniques that are hard to match. Indigo dyeing is a hard job, it takes a lot of time and requires high patience. People usually soak the cloth in an indigo solution for about an hour, then pick out to drain and then soak again. The process is repeated 5-6 times to bring the fabric to dry. Whenever a piece of cloth is dry, it is brought back into the dip; That’s about 8-10 times. The time for soaking the fabric up in shiny black depends a lot on the weather. In the sun, each piece of cloth takes only 3-4 days to be dyed. If it rains, the period may last up to 2 months. Because of being so dyed, the indigo color of the H’Mong people is very durable and always fresh.
Linen is not only durable but also known as a health product, mold free, highly absorbable, airy function. It is also the reason that the demand for linen consumption, especially the foreign customers are increasingly high. This is a great opportunity for the products of the misty land to attract tourists to Ha Giang.